Sepsis happens when our defence mechanism goes out of control. Basically the immune system releases chemicals into the bloodstream to fight infection. But these chemicals somehow go out of control and instead of preventing infection start causing inflammation throughout the body. It is a life threatening condition. Sepsis occurs in Three stages:
- Severe Sepsis
- Sepsis Shock
These stages occur in irregular intervals of time thereby causing a danger to life. Following symptoms can reflect the onset of sepsis and if immediate medical assistance is taken in this golden time the rate of survival becomes very high.
For Sepsis the Symptoms are:
If you have a fever above 38ºC or a temperature below 36ºC or a heart rate higher than 90 beats per minute or breathing rate higher than 20 breaths per minute or a probable or confirmed infection you might be having Sepsis. It is pertinent to mention here that two of these symptoms must exist together for Sepsis.
For Severe Sepsis the Symptoms are:
It occurs when there is an organ failure. A person showing following symptoms might be suffering from Severe Sepsis.
- discolored patches of skin
- decreased urge to urinate
- Unstable mental condition
- low platelet count
- problem in breathing
- fall in body temperature
- unconsciousness and abnormal weakness
For Sepsis Shock the Symptoms are:
In Sepsis Shock the patient experiences a very low blood pressure along with other symptoms of severe Sepsis.
How to prevent Sepsis:
Once someone gets affected by it, there’s very little chance of survival. Ventilations and Medications become an integral part of the life of patients suffering from Sepsis.
But it is a well known saying that “Prevention is better than Cure“. Here are a few precautions that you can take for Sepsis.
- Annual vaccination for flu etc. can prevent respiratory infections that can sometimes turn Septic.
- Take essential care to avoid infections in skin wounds.
- Avoid getting any sort of infection in hospitals. Because most of the infections turn Septic in hospitals only.
- Act swiftly if you see any symptoms of Sepsis.
- Don’t let any infections develop in urinary tract.