Stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention. What stroke means is a common misconception that it happens in the heart. Being a cerebrovascular disease, it actually occurs in the brain, in this the flow of blood or nutrients are stopped or blocked either permanently or temporarily to a particular part of the brain and the brain cells dies. The blockage of blood is caused either due to clots or rupture. The clots can be temporary or permanent. Depending on the causes of blocked artery there are three types of stroke in brain.
- Ischemic Stroke: Being the most common type of stroke, it is caused due to obstruction of blood flow to the brain by a clot.
- Haemorrhagic Stroke: This is due to a rupture in the blood vessel thereby preventing the flow of blood to the brain.
- Mini Stroke or Transient Ischemic Stroke: It is caused due to temporary clots in the blood vessels. It generally resolves without treatment as the blood flow resumes after the brief period of time.
As aforementioned a Stroke requires immediate medical attention. However there are certain symptomatic changes that can point out the onset of a stroke to brain. They are experienced because the reflexes start losing coordination with the brain. The following symptoms can be associated to what stroke causes to the body.
- One may feel Fatigue, dizziness, vertigo and light-headedness.
- The numbness or weakness of facial muscles.
- Sudden visual loss, blurry vision, double vision, or temporary loss of vision in one eye.
- Difficulty in speaking or sudden loss of ability to speak can be experienced.
- Difficulty in walking, standing, temporary paralysis of the entire body or a part of the body, stiffness etc can be experienced.
- Headache with altered consciousness or vomiting.
- Inability to comprehend or understand is also common symptoms of stroke.
How to Prevent Stroke:
There are a number of healthy choices that one can make for stroke treatment or prevention. Most of them in fact save you from not only stroke but any other physical disease that you might experience later in life. They are:
- Maintain the Blood Pressure.
- Shred the extra weight.
- Avoid or reduce alcohol consumption.
- Exercise regularly.
- Have a healthy diet.
- Avoid smoking habit.
- Include nuts, vegetables, fruits, whole grains and seeds in your regular diet.
- Avoid meat, cholesterol and saturated fat.
- If an individual is at risk it is better to have medication like anticoagulant or antiplatelet drug or going through specific surgeries under doctor’s guidance to lower the risk.