Subhas Chandra Bose also known as Netaji, was one of the greatest freedom fighters India had. He stood up against the British kingdom and fought against them till his last breath. His love, courage, and patriotism towards his country made him the hero of India.
Born on 23rd Jan,1897 in Cuttack, Orrisa. His Father Janaki Nath Bose was a famous lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Devi was a religious lady.
Netaji was the ninth child and had fourteen siblings. Subhas was very studious from his childhood he even topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province and graduated with a first class in philosophy from the Scottish church college in Calcutta.
He was very influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna after reading their work at the age of 16, he felt that his religion is more important than studies. He used to hurt when British people treated Indians badly and used offensive remarks on them. This behavior of British made him strong and he started taking stand for his people and country. That is how the feeling of patriotism started growing inside him.
Once he was expelled for assaulting a Professor, who used to make anti-India comments. His father wants him to prepare for the Indian Civil Services exams, so he left India and went Europe. There he studied at the University of Cambridge and chose Moral Science Tripos and started preparing for Civil Services exam. He came fourth in ICS examination and got selected, but he decided not to join because he did not want to work under British government.
After his return to India, he worked under Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress. Gandhi ji advised him to work with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, whom he later made him, his Political Guru.
During 1930 Civil Disobedience movement, Subhas Chandra Bos was jailed. He was released in 1931 after Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed, but was against this pact and opposed the suspension of Civil Disobedience movement specially when Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged. Since then, Subhas Chandra Bose was put in Jail serval times; he was considered a major threat for the British government.
Subhas Chandra Bose disappeared in January 1941 from Calcutta and reached Germany via Afghanistan. Having the strategy of “an enemy’s enemy is a friend”, he took help of Germany and Japan and formed Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army). He made alliance with other countries to fight against the British forces.
In January 1942, he began to spread his message through a radio broadcast that filled every Indian with enthusiasm and sparked the spirit of a free nation. He motivated every Indian to keep fighting for their freedom. He came with his INA crossed Burma Border and stood on India on March18, 1944. Because of Germany and Japan’s defeat in Second World War, the objective of the INA was not achieved but their heroic effort shook the British government.
Subhas Chandra Bose reportedly died in an airplane crash over Taipeh,Taiwan on August 18,1945 while he was flying to Japan. Even though it is widely believed that he survived the crash, but there is not much data to support the claim.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose selfless contribution from independence Movement to the creation of Azad Hind Fauj shows his real love for his motherland. He played a very important and significant role in the freedom struggle of India. His struggle is unforgettable and he is a true national hero.